Kriyakalpa is the mainstay treatment in ShalakyaTantra. These procedures are indicated in almost all ocular disorders. In spite of various advances in modern Ophthalmology the effective control is still a challenge. In Tarpana procedures indications, contraindications, dose schedule, frequency are already been mentioned by ancient Acharya. These procedures are used for prevention and treatment of ocular diseases having no or less side effects. So it is essential to establish the principle and practices of ancient local ocular therapeutics to preserve vision. An effort is made to compile Kriyakalpa procedures in light of modern local ocular route of drug administration in Ophthalmology.
Key word: Kriyakalpa, Tarpana therapy, Route of drug administration.