Among all indriyas (sense organs), netra (eye) is pradhana indriya (utmost). Special care and concern should be taken to protect it. Stress and strain related disorders of the eye are common in the present era of computers and gadgets. We are now a day’s witnessing school-going kids wearing spectacles at a tender age because of technology addiction and erratic study postures, wrong choices of food and sleep preferences. Majority of eye problems are due to the faulty use of eye with modern life style. Thus assessment was made to invest knowledge of ancient science for fulfilling the growing demand of mankind in new era. Ayurveda, the ancient system of medicine gives valuable guidelines not only in treatment aspects but also in preventive line. There is a great need to find out an ocular procedure for prevention and treatment of eye diseases having no or least adverse effect. Akshitarpana karma is one of the local therapeutic procedure which if promptly used shows objective evidences of excellent responses. In this article there is a review on akshi tarpana karma, their indications, contraindications and possible mode of action is discussed.
Keywords: Tarpana, Netra roga, Present life style, Netra Kriyakalpa.