Lot of attempts has been made to put an Ayurvedic frame to the disease hypothyroidism. Although, after mere knowledge of disorder pertaining the thyroid gland from view of modern system of medicines, one can’t directly correlate this in Ayurveda as a whole disease yet signs and symptoms which we approach in day-to-day clinical practice can be seen in Ayurvedic texts in different manners.
Ayurveda has endowed the function of thermogenesis and metabolism in the body to Agni. It is defined as substance or entity that brings about transformation / conversion in any form .The thirteen types of agni bring about all the chemical reactions and transformations in the body . Samagni is the most important criteria of Swastha purusha . Agnimaandya is one of the most common disorder of agni . Agnimandya leads to the formation of Ama that causes various diseases.
The concept of Agni is basic concept of Ayurveda. This Siddhanta provides fundamental knowledge for understanding of the theories of Ayurveda viz. Ahara Pacana, Dhatu Utpatti, Vyadhi Utpatti, Ayu Parijnana etc. . Agni is believed to be the agency for any kind of transformation. It is a known fact that at each and every second multiple procedures of transformationke place in the body. These may be biochemical or bio physical or any other type of biotransformations. Due to these constant transformation procedures, body grows, develops and lastly destroys too.
Key words : Ayurveda , Agni , Jatharagnimandya , Ama .